Nonsurgical therapy often may be sufficient to eliminate the signs and symptoms of mild periodontal diseases. However, when periodontal probing depths are sufficiently deep, nonsurgical treatment may be ineffective in establishing health or preventing recurrence of disease. In such cases, a surgical approach to periodontal treatment is often taken.
This approach allows improved access to the periodontium for more thorough root surface cleaning and recontouring of the damaged supporting bone. In some cases, surgical therapy can provide an opportunity to reconstruct or regenerate bone and gum tissue lost due to periodontal disease.
The ultimate goal with this technique is to reduce the periodontal pocket and control the destructive inflammatory process involved in periodontitis.